top of page

Banshee: The Haunting Wail of an Otherworldly Creature

For years, Irish locals have feared the wails of the Banshee. The Banshee, also known as the Bean Sidhe, is a captivating creature intricately intertwined with Irish folklore. Her existence has been shrouded in mystery for centuries, and her powers are said to evoke both awe and terror. With her spine-chilling screams serving as an ominous warning, she is a symbol of fate, a siren of death. The Banshee's elusive origins and ethereal presence have captured the imaginations of countless storytellers, cementing her status as a legendary figure in Irish mythology. In this essay, we embark on a journey to uncover the secrets of the Banshee and immerse ourselves in the haunting allure of this mysterious being.


The origin of the Banshee legend can be traced back to the 8th century, during a time when it was customary for women to sing melancholic songs as a means of mourning a death. This musical tradition specifically centered around the passing of a family member. In certain regions, such as Ireland and parts of Scotland, it is traditional for a woman to keen or wail in a lament during the mourning process. In some cases, a professional keener may be hired for this role, and those with exceptional keening abilities are often highly sought after.

According to traditional Irish legend, the Banshee is portrayed as a female being dwelling in the realm of fairy mounds. It is believed that she would utter a mournful song upon the death or imminent passing of a family member. In cases where family members resided in distant locations, her high-pitched wailing would serve as an early forewarning of the demise of a loved one. The appearance of multiple banshees at once signals the passing of a prominent or saintly individual.

According to folklore, the Banshee serves a significant purpose in the form of a warning. When an individual is about to embark upon a situation with slim chances of survival, the Banshee will emit piercing screams or cries, giving rise to the manifestation of a banshee, also known as a wailing woman.


According to certain sources, it has been suggested that the banshee's laments are reserved solely for the descendants of the "pure Milesian stock" of Ireland, with the original belief appearing to connect the folklore with several ancient Irish families. This tradition holds that a banshee would not express lament or visitation upon individuals of Saxon or Norman descent or those who arrived in Ireland later. The majority, but not all, of the surnames commonly associated with banshees possess either the Ó or Mc/Mac prefix, signifying surnames of Goidelic origin and indicating a family native to the Insular Celtic lands, rather than those of the Norse, Anglo-Saxon, or Norman.

Based on ancient customs, certain families were said to possess a banshee of their own. The dominant banshee among these was Aibell, belonging to the Ua Briain family, who oversaw a total of 25 other banshees, always in her presence. When they manifest, these otherworldly beings known as Banshees present themselves as alluring and captivating women who sing a lamenting and ominous melody that exudes care and affection for their kin. This song can be perceived several days prior to the passing of a relative, and usually, it is only audible to the intended individual.

On the opposing side, we encounter the enraged and intimidating Banshee, a figure well-known to many. In their lifetimes, these women harbored deep-seated resentments towards their families, often manifesting as altered and terrorizing apparitions consumed by animosity. The piercing wails produced by these Banshees instill a spine-chilling fear, and instead of being present to alert a family member, these Banshees commemorate the impending downfall of a despised individual.

A Haunting Reminder

The Banshee is a fascinating and haunting figure in Irish mythology, known for her terrifying wails and appearances as an omen of death. While her origins and exact nature may vary in different accounts, she remains a powerful symbol of the inevitability of death and the importance of mourning and remembrance in Irish culture.

The origin of the Banshees' knowledge regarding an individual's impending death remains uncertain. One hypothesis posits that each family member has their own personalized observer who accompanies them and relays information to the Banshee. It should be noted that Banshees do not cause death, but rather provide a forewarning and allow the family to make necessary arrangements.

Despite her fearsome reputation, the Banshee also serves as a reminder of the deep connections and emotions that tie human beings to their ancestors and the cycles of life and death. Whether seen as a harbinger of doom or a guardian of family lineage, the Banshee remains an enduring and iconic figure in Irish folklore.


Recent Posts

See All


bottom of page